Hledejte v chronologicky řazené databázi studijních materiálů (starší / novější příspěvky).


1) Travelling
•    all people on the world travel, people travelled in history and they travel at present too
•    reasons of travelling:
-    learning about new places, countries, new people (Africa – most interesting continent, there lives people, who you never see before, with different religion, style of life, weather)
-    business, political reasons (businessmen travel several times by day because of their work)
-    cultural reasons
-    scientific purpose = účel (to travel to Alaska, to deserts in Africa, tropical rain forests in South America)

•    may be dangerous: can meet bad people, get lost, be murdered, stolen money, better not travel alone, get lost or stolen documentation (passport, identity card, air tickets for return journey)

•    various means of transport
-    earlier: on foot, on horseback
can’t to find some advantage, only disadvantage: uncomfortable, dangerous, quickly tired, no long way

-    car, motorcycle
advantage: comfortable, fast, can stop where you want and you can arrive want you want, disadvantage: traffic jams, air pollution, you need driver or driving licence, check fuel = palivo, oil, expensive

-    bus, tram, underground it is public transport            
advantage: fast, cheap, underground without traffic jams and tram and underground are ecological, disadvantage: bus isn’t ecological, it leaves in definite = určitý time and it stops at bus stop

-    railways – train
advantage: modern train – diesel and electric engines = lokomotivy, comfortable, there is sleeping car, dining car, toilet, fast, disadvantage: old trains are noisy, dirty, uncomfortable, sometimes expensive

-    plane – driving 2 pilots, air hostess (stewards) get you instructions about accident, exits, life jacket = záchranná vesta, about temperature outside and in country where you are travelling
advantage: the fastest transport, comfortable, you get food, air hostess (stewards) care of you, you can watch a film, you can see clouds or land, disadvantage: the airports aren’t in all town, you must get to this town, very dangerous recently

-    ship – it was typical in 20. centuries, you used it only for way over the ocean
advantage: it can be romantic way recently, disadvantage: you can be seasick, dangerous

-    bicycle
advantage: it is ecological, you can go where you want, it can be relax for somebody, it’s faster than go by foot, disadvantage: very fast cycling can be dangerous, quickly tired

-    hitchhike
advantage: very cheap disadvantage: dangerous

-    untypical travelling: sailing on a yacht, hot-air ballooning, skateboarding, roller-skating

•    travel agencies
-    you must choose good agency
-    you can arrange = zařídit trips, tickets, *accommodations
-    cultural trips to historic places (Egypt, Rome, Athens, Tunisia)
-    recreation in mountains (Alps) or at sea (Croatia, Bulgaria)
-    stays with sports (climbing, riding horses, bikes, volleyball and all games)
-    educational programmes (language courses)

•    luggage (GB) / baggage (USA) 
-    suitcase = kufr na oblečení, briefcase = diplomatka, trunk = lodní kufr
-    bag, rucksack [raksek]
-    clothing and cosmetic
-    write address of place where you will have holiday and your own address

•    need to travel: valid = platný passport and for some countries visa = vízum necessary, health insurance = pojištění, need to change money
•    foreign language: most people in world speak English, in Europe also German, French and Russian

2) My travelling
•    to school every day, by bus
•    travel by car, I have driving licence
•    to travel to Switzerland by bus (student agency), by plane to family
•    to travel to Germany by car to family
•    to travel to Croatia and Bulgaria by plane and by car for holiday


•    room in a hotel, can be booked = zapsán, rezervován by letter, phone or via = prostřednictvím email
•    can to be in: hotels, inns (in the country) and pubs (in the towns); hostels (for young people)
•    when you enter a hotel: fill in the registration form at receptionist’s desk (name, permanent address, nationality, time of stay, number of identity card), get a key of the room or card
•    typical equipment in hotel room: bathroom, bedroom, where is wardrobe, bed, mirror, table
•    typical facilities in hotel: restaurant, dancing place, swimming pool, fitness centre, sauna, hairdresser

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